Ghana is situated in West Africa and is bounded by Burkina Faso, Togo, the Atlantic Ocean and Cote d’Ivoire.
A narrow grassy plain stretches the inland from the coast, widening in the East, while the South and West are covered by dense rainforest. Towards the north there are forested hills, beyond which there is dry savannah and open woodland. Ghana’s coastline is dotted with sandy palm-fringed beaches and lagoons.
The capital, Accra, features the makola Market, a large and busy open-air market. Kumasi is the historic capital of the Ashanti civilization, where the ruins of the manhyia Palace and the Royal Mausoleum were burnt down by Lord Baden-Powell and are worth sightseeing.
In the Northeast, the boufom Wildlife Sanctuary houses the spectacular banfabiri Falls. Mole National Park is recommended: Species of antelope, monkeys, lions, buffalos, over 300 kinds of birds and elephants can all be watched on guided excursions.
Local dishes include traditional soups (palmnut, groundnut), kontomere and okro stews that are normally accompanied by fufu (pounded cassava), kenkey or gari.
In Accra and in almost all regions there are nightclubs, including in their offer a combination between a selection of western Pop music and spectacular Ghanaian music and dancing.
Area Size of Ghana
Total 238,535 km2 (81st) 92,099 sq mi
Water (%) 4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)
27 million (2014)
Average Population Density 55.5 per sq km
Accra (2.291 million people)
Head of State
President John Mahama
Accra airport (ACC) popularly known as kotoka International Airport
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is used in Ghana, e.g. Australia is one day ahead of Ghana, but the same time frame. Ghana is 5 hours ahead of USA. UK is one hour ahead and Europe 2 hours ahead Ghana.
The official language is English.
Local Ghanaian languages are widely spoken, including Twi, Fante, Dagbani, Ga and Ewe.
Ghana Cedi (GHS)
Ghana is a secular country. Freedom of religion is permitted enshrined in the constitution of Ghana.
March 6th 1957
The Ghanaian Cedi is pegged to the US Dollar.
The exchange rate system has been liberalized and foreign currency is freely available through authorized dealers, including banks and Foreign Exchange Bureau
Exchange Rate: For rates in various currencies visit www.xe.com
Credit Cards are accepted by leading hotels, restaurants, banks and businesses.
The most widely accepted credit cards are: International Visa, American Express, Diners and MasterCard.
Ghana has a tropical climate, characterized by moderate temperatures (generally 21-32°C (70-90°F), constant breeze and sunshine, during the most part of the year.
There are 2 rainy seasons, from March to July and from September to October, separated by a short dry season in August, so as a relatively long dry season in the South from Mid-October to March.
Annual rainfall in the South averages 2,030mm, but varies greatly throughout the country, with the heaviest rainfall in the Western Region and the lowest one in the Northern Regions.
Tropical lightweight clothing and sunglasses can be useful.
Electricity in Ghana is 220-240 Volts AC, 50Hz; usually 3-pin plugs. Single phase, 3-pin plugs are used in larger buildings. Older buildings have 2-pin plugs.
Vaccination against yellow fever is compulsory for Ghana.
Telephone IDD service is available in most parts of the country.
Country Code: +233
Outgoing International Code: +233
International calls can be made by cell phones.
Mobile phones are widely used. You can buy your own handset or get if from authorised dealers.
There is a 24-hour fax service throughout the country.
Services are available from Post Offices throughout the country.
Internet Providers and Internet Cafes are available throughout the country.
Daily or weekly newspapers and magazines are in English and include: The Ghanaian Times, Daily Graphic, Business Weekly, The Mirror, Weekly Spectator, The Pioneer, Chronicle, BF&T, The Democrat, and Free Press.
Society & Customs
Most Ghanaian families are very traditional compared with Western standards. The family is very important here, and children are often highly protected by their parents. Most families will be in bed by 10:00 pm and will be up at or before dawn.
Greetings are taken very seriously, when entering somebody's office, for example, you may be considered rude, if you don't say hello and shake hands with everyone who is present. When approaching a person in the street, perhaps to ask for the time or directions, you should begin with a polite: “Good morning, how are you?” Simply walking up to someone, asking: “Excuse me, what’s the time?" will be seen as rather blunt.